Sexual Crimes in Conflict Database

The Sexual Crimes in Conflict Database is a unique tool for finding relevant information and conducting research on conflict-related Sexual and Gender-Based Violence (SGBV). It combines a broad collection of relevant jurisprudence, in the English language, from international, hybrid, regional and national courts together with relevant findings from commissions of inquiry or truth commissions as well as other transitional justice mechanisms. Recognizing the role of academic literature in offering an enhanced understanding and critique of SGBV prosecution, the database also provides users with a combination of academic and policy literature, also in English. This includes, inter alia, research publications, working papers, official or policy related documents, and NGO reports, which address specific issues related to SGBV. Relevant areas of focus include gaps in jurisprudence, obstacles to establishing accountability, negative impacts of prosecution, means of prevention as well as training materials dealing with investigation and prosecution.

The database serves as a platform for researchers from both legal and social science backgrounds as well as practitioners to retrieve relevant information and conduct research on the prosecution of sexual crimes in various judicial mechanisms. Search results of this database display a succinct overview of the relevant jurisprudence and/or literature, together with references and links to the full judgments. For the jurisprudence, each case addresses the position of the accused, the sexual violence charges with which the individual was indicted and/or convicted, the relevant findings of the court, and where applicable, the legal significance of the case. The literature entries display a short description of the source’s relevance to understanding the nature of conflict-related sexual violence or the prosecution of such crimes. Generally, users are able to search for specific cases, crimes and international justice mechanisms, and can display entries by time frame, country, or broader issues.

Given the wide-spanning jurisprudence and literature collected and surveyed, this database can be seen as an essential tool to identify cases dealing with particular sexual violence issues at both the international and national level. As the data is not limited solely to international tribunals, but also encompasses military courts, national courts and truth commissions, it allows users to conduct extensive comparative research on cross-cutting issues in multiple jurisdictions. The brief analysis provided for each data entry aims to guide users to the pertinent case-law and literature and offers a foundation upon which to conduct more targeted research. An original version of the database was launched in 2016. An updated and reviewed version was released in 2019.

You may freely access the database. Access Database

A brief instruction for using the database can also be accessed below.

This database complements existing initiatives, which provide a wealth of resources for legal experts and other users who seek to refine their knowledge about sexual violence in conflict. With building this online database, the International Nuremberg Principles Academy recognizes the ground-breaking work done by other institutions in this area.

The following initiatives have kindly agreed to be linked as further sources here:

The Gender Jurisprudence and International Criminal Law Project, based at the American University Washington College of Law, maintains a large collection of relevant documents issued by international criminal courts, such as judgements and decisions. The collection is fully searchable. The database can be accessed by clicking here.

The International Research Group "Sexual Violence in Armed Conflict" database, based at the Hamburger Stiftung zur Förderung von Wissenschaft und Kultur, has compiled a wide range of interdisciplinary academic literature. The collection is searchable online via the library catalogue Sexual Violence in Armed Conflict, hosted by the Hamburger Institut für Sozialforschung. For further information, click here to access the database.

The Sexual Violence in Armed Conflict (SVAC) Dataset, which has been developed by the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs at Harvard Kennedy School in cooperation with the Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO), contains reports of conflict-related sexual violence committed by armed actors (state forces, pro-government militias and rebel groups) between 1989 and 2009. It can be accessed, by clicking here.

The ICC Legal Tools Database, which was created with support from the European Union, is the largest online repository on international criminal law worldwide and the leading online tool for retrieval of legal sources. It is made up of ICC documents, as well as other international and national case law, legislation and reports related to international criminal law and international crimes. For further information, and to access the database, click here.