Sexual Crimes in Conflict Database

A collection of relevant literature and case law

Showing all 6 results.
  • Jurisprudence judicial mechanism

    ICC - Ukraine

    Reference link
    http://www.icc-cpi.int/ukraine
    Type of mechanism
    International Criminal Tribunal/Court
    Name of mechanism
    International Criminal Court
    Status
    2778

  • Jurisprudence judicial mechanism

    ICTR - Simeon Nchamihigo

    Issues
    Sexual Violence against Men
    Country
    Rwanda
    Keywords
    Acquittal Castration Inhuman Treatment Sexual Violence against Men/Boys Genitalia

    Reference link
    http://unictr.unmict.org/en/cases/ictr-01-63
    Type of mechanism
    International Criminal Tribunal/Court
    Name of mechanism
    International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR)
    Name of accused
    Simeon Nchamihigo
    Charges
    Other inhumane acts as crimes against humanity under Article 6(1) (direct responsibility) (ordering or instigating) for ordering or instigating Interahamwe to remove the genitals of a Tutsi man called Jean-Fidele Murekezi before killing him near Cyangugu prison on or about 16 April 1994.
    Trial chamber verdict
    No evidence was led on the charge (on the removal of body parts or organs) against Nchamihigo. Nchamihigo was therefore found not guilty by the Trial Chamber (on 12 November 2008) of other inhumane acts as crimes against humanity (and the matter was not part of the Appeal Judgment).
    sentencing
    Nchamihigo was sentenced to 40 years’ imprisonment on 18 March 2010.
    Status
    2715
    Case number
    ICTR-01-63

  • Jurisprudence judicial mechanism

    ICTY - Milan Simic (“Bosanski Samac”)

    Year
    2002
    Issues
    Sexual Violence against Men
    Country
    Former Yugoslavia
    Keywords
    Rape/Sexual Violence in Prison Torture Genitalia Penis Castration

    Reference link
    http://www.icty.org/cases/party/751/4
    Full reference
    Type of mechanism
    International Criminal Tribunal/Court
    Name of mechanism
    International Criminal Tribunal for Former Yugoslavia (ICTY)
    Name of accused
    Milan Simic
    Charges
    - Torture as a crime against humanity for kicking four non-Serb prisoners in the genitals, namely Hasan Bicic, Muhamed Bicic, Perica Mišic and Ibrahim Salkic, while gunshots were fired above their heads and for forcing Safet Hadžialijagic to pull down his pants, while one of the men accompanying Milan Simic brandished a knife and threatened to cut off Safet Hadžialijagic’s penis and the other assailants were challenging and exhorting the man wielding the knife to cut off Safet Hadžialijagic’s penis and for concurrently firing gunshots over his head. - Inhumane acts as crimes against humanity and cruel treatment as a violation of the laws or customs of war as a war crime under Article 7(1) for kicking four non-Serb prisoners in the genitals, namely Hasan Bicic, Muhamed Bicic, Perica Mišic and Ibrahim Salkic, while gunshots were fired above their heads and for forcing Safet Hadžialijagic to pull down his pants, while one of the men accompanying Milan Simic brandished a knife and threatened to cut off Safet Hadžialijagic’s penis and the other assailants were challenging and exhorting the man wielding the knife to cut off Safet Hadžialijagic's penis and for concurrently firing gunshots over his head (same acts as for which the conviction for torture as a crime against humanity was based on). - Persecution as a crime against humanity under Article 7(1) for the same acts.
    Trial chamber verdict
    Simic entered a guilty plea on 15 May 2002 and was found guilty by the Trial Chamber of: - Torture as a crime against humanity As Simic entered a guilty plea to torture as a crime against humanity only, the other sexual violence charges were withdrawn. Simic was therefore found not guilty of: - Inhumane acts as crimes against humanity and cruel treatment as a violation of the laws or customs of war as a war crime - Persecution as a crime against humanity
    sentencing
    Simic received a sentence of 5 years’ imprisonment by the Trial Chamber on 17 October 2002.
    Status
    2715
    Case number
    IT-95-9/2

  • Literature

    Oosterfoff, Pauline et al. - Sexual Torture of Men in Croatia...

    Year
    2004
    Issues
    Sexual Violence against Men
    Country
    Croatia
    Keywords
    Electroshock Castration Sexual Violence against Men/Boys

    Reference link
    https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.1016/S0968-8080%2804%2923115-9?needAccess=true
    Full reference
    Oosterhoff, Pauline, Prisca Zwanikken and Evert Ketting, "Sexual Torture of Men in Croatia and Other Conflict Situations: An Open Secret", Reproductive Health Matters, 2004, vol. 12, no. 23, pp. 68–77.
    Type of literature
    Journal Article
    Research focus
    Causality, Functionality and Logic of Conflict-related Sexual Violence
    Author
    Oosterhoff, Pauline; Zwanikken, Prisca and Ketting, Evert
    Type of mechanism
    International Criminal Tribunal/Court
    Name of mechanism
    International Criminal Tribunal for Former Yugoslavia (ICTY)

  • Literature

    Oosterveld, Valerie - Sexual Violence Directed against Men and Boys...

    Year
    2014
    Issues
    Sexual Violence against Men Definitions/Elements of Sexual Violence Crimes

    Reference link
    https://ir.lib.uwo.ca/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1109&context=lawpub
    Full reference
    Oosterveld, Valerie, "Sexual Violence Directed against Men and Boys in Armed Conflict or Mass Atrocity: Addressing a Gendered Harm in International Criminal Tribunals", in Journal of international Law & International Relations, 2014, vol. 10, pp. 107-128.
    Type of literature
    Journal Article
    Research focus
    Gaps in the Jurisprudence and Legislation on Conflict-related Sexual Violence crimes
    Author
    Oosterveld, Valerie

  • Literature

    Zarkov, Dubravka - The Body of the Other Man - Sexual Violence...

    Year
    2001
    Issues
    Sexual Violence against Men
    Country
    Croatia, Serbia
    Keywords
    Rape Media Masculinity Castration Denial

    Reference link
    https://www.press.uchicago.edu/ucp/books/book/distributed/V/bo20852839.html
    Full reference
    Zarkov, Dubravka, "‘The Body of the Other Man' - Sexual Violence and the Construction of Masculinity, Sexuality and Ethnicity in the Croatian Media”, in C.O.N. Moser and F.C. Clark (eds.), Victims, Perpetrators or Actors? Gender, Armed Conflict and Political Violence, Zed Books, London/New York, 2001.
    Type of literature
    Chapter in Book
    Research focus
    Gaps in the Jurisprudence and Legislation on Conflict-related Sexual Violence crimes
    Author
    Zarkov, Dubravka

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